America is a competitive place and states battle to be the best at whatever they can. Who has the best schools, the best food, the friendliest people, etc.? As a business owner, you definitely need to know which are the most business friendly.
Like any ranking, this is a matter of opinion and you can spend all day arguing over which state is truly number one. When you dig into the data though, some states have clear advantages over others in terms of taxes and economic strength.
A good place to start comparing states is the corporate income tax rate. The less your business owes in state corporate taxes, the better your bottom line so of course we want to keep this low.
South Dakota, Nevadaand Wyomingdon’t charge a corporate tax, so you can’t do any better than that. Colorado, Georgia, Kentucky, Michigan, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utahand Virginiaalso are decent as they cap corporate taxes at 6% or less.
State income taxes are another cost of doing business and in a perfect world would be as low as possible. The good news is several states waive this tax altogether to create a more business friendly environment.
If you’re operating out of Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washingtonor Wyoming, you won’t have to pay any state taxes when you draw income out of your business. In terms of taxes, South Dakota, Nevada, and Wyoming start to look pretty appealing because business owners in these states avoid both corporate and individual income taxes.
Sales taxes are a difficult challenge business owners have to deal with. But wait, don’t your customers pay this? That would be mostly right. Your business won’t pay sales taxes out of its profits if you are collecting them correctly at the point of sale. However, your business is responsible for determining the following:
Collecting sales taxes adds to your item’s total price, so it is in your best interest to keep that amount as low as possible to give you a competitive advantage. (At least for now. The Marketplace Fairness Act could soon make this a thing of the past.)
Use tax is a little different than sales tax. This is your responsibility. You owe your state use tax anytime your business makes a taxable purchase but your supplier didn’t charge you sales tax, or the difference between the two amounts if your state’s use tax rate is higher than what your supplier charged you.) Technically, you could be due a tax refund if your supplier charged you a higher sales tax rate inappropriately, but the burden of proof would fall upon you.
In Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Missouri and Oklahoma the use tax differs from the general sales tax rate (normally, it is lower). Montana, New Hampshire and Oregon have no use tax. Illinois, Iowa, New Mexico, Vermont and Wisconsin have a statewide use tax, but no local use tax.
While avoiding taxes is nice, for your business to succeed you also need a thriving economy with buyers looking for your product. The American economy is still struggling as a whole which makes it tough to open a business. However, some states are definitely doing better than others.
North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Vermont, Iowa, Utahand Wyomingall have an unemployment rate of 4.6% or less. If you’re in one of these states, you’d never know the country’s in an economic downturn.
Of course, these states have relatively small economic volume and may be better suited to specific industries. As far as high volume economies go, Virginia, Texasand Massachusettsare outperforming others as these states have unemployment below 6.6%. Not great, but definitely better than other parts of the country.
States with high unemployment rates may offer temporary tax benefits designed to bring in new businesses. It’s always worth a phone call to the economic development office to see what they have to offer.
So how does this all add up?
Based just on these factors, Wyoming, South Dakota and Alaskatake the lead as they are strong in all four categories; they combine low taxes with sound economies. The remoteness of these states might be a strike against them however.
For the bigger players; Texas, hands down, looks very business friendly, even with its exceptionally complicated tax jurisdictions. Nevada, Floridaand Washingtonhave encouraging tax laws but high unemployment, whereas Virginiaand Massachusettshave better economies but higher taxes.
If you are searching for a home for your business be sure to keep these states in mind as they are the leaders in accommodating businesses.
*Technically, Hawaiihas an excise tax rather than sales tax.
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